Sunday, September 13, 2020

Library Science - Key Notes for all Competitive Exams

Library Definition:
  • The word ‘Library’ is derived from the Latin word “libraria” meaning ‘a book place’. It originates from the term ‘liber’ which means ‘a book’.
UNESCO’s Public Library Manifesto
  • UNESCO formulated a Public Library Manifesto for member countries in 1949 and revised it in 1972. Later, in 1994, it prepared the Public Library Manifesto in cooperation with the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). This manifesto is widely accepted by all countries.
Some Examples of Public Libraries
1. Delhi Public Library, Delhi.
2. Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library, Patna.
3. Connemara Public Library, Chennai
4. Anna Centenary Library, Chennai

  • Anticipatory Information Service: The service provided by the libraries in anticipation of the demands from the users.
  • Bibliography: The arrangement of books and audio-visual material in a logical order giving author, title, date, place and publisher, edition, page, etc.
  • Biographical works: They are usually non-fiction personal life description, but fiction can also be used to portray a person’s life.
  • Biography: A biography is a detailed description or account of someone’s life.
  • Inter-Library Loan: It is a service whereby a user of one library can borrow books or receive photocopies of documents that are owned by another library.
  • Mass Media: Medium of communicating with the masses like T.V., Radio, Film, Newspapers, etc.
  • Non-Print Material/Non-book Material/Media Material: Library materials which do not fall within the definition of a book, periodical or pamphlet  and require special handling. Such material comprises audio-visual, photographic, electronic and digital, material.
  • Repository: A place where materials are deposited under special conditions - commonly refers to a location for storage, often for safety or preservation.
  • Reprographic Service: A photocopying service of pages from books or journals available to users in a library.
  • Responsive Information Service: Library services provided on demand when a person either visits the library or requests on phone or through email.
  • State-of-the-Art-Report: A report on the development of a specific subject field or problem by a systematic, exhaustive and critical review of published and non-published material.
  • Technical Report: Is a document that describes the process, progress or results of technical or scientific research or state of a technical or scientific research problem
Five Laws of Library Science
  • Dr. Shiyali Ramamritra Ranganathan (1892-1972) was an inventor, educator, philosopher, mathematician and a universal librarian. He made several significant contributions to the library profession. A fundamental contribution made by him, is the Five Laws of Library Science. He formulated the Five Laws of Library Science in 1928 and published these in his famous book entitled, “Five Laws of Library Science” in 1931. He owes the First Law to Prof. Edward N. Ross, his mathematics teacher, and the other laws were enunciated by Ranganathan himself.